We call Atopic Eczema the inflammatory injuries on the skin having a recurrent tendency (with remissions and exacerbations) and genetic predisposition.
It appears in milk-fed babies (5% to 10%) with improving tendency and even disappearance towards adolescence.
Among the causes, there are three factors: genetic (with a background of allergy, asthma, atopy), immunological (more response of antibodies against different allergens) and environmental (acaruses, animal hair, cigarette smoke in the dust; seasonal changes; allergies to food and viral infections).
The clinical manifestations generally appear after the first 3 months of life and they consist of injuries typically localised on the face and flection areas such as elbow cavities and popliteal areas, though they may show in other parts.
It is associated with itching (pruritus) and irritability. There are also secondary injuries caused by scratching.
These children’s skin is dry, with or without desquamation and there is itching.
Avoid wearing woolen clothes, synthetic clothes. Wash clothes in biological detergents and use neutral soap.
In specific cases, avoid the ingestion of foods like tomatoes, eggs, citrus, etc.
Hydration of the skin after the daily bath; use of soap without perfume, preferably glycerine soap, white soap, creams or aqueous and smooth emulsions prepared with oat.
If some special creams (with corticoids) are needed, the pediatrician or dermatologist shall prescribe them. These products are noble but they must be used knowing the duration of the treatment, the power of the corticoid, the dose, etc.; only the professional knows this. The same applies to oral antihistamine medication to treat the pruritus.