It is a viral disease which is transmitted by a mosquito called Aedes aegypti. The incubation period is from 1 to 7 days.
Acute febrile disease having two or more of the following manifestations, with or without breathing symptoms.
- Retro-ocular pain
- Muscular pain
- Pain of the joints
The Hemorrhagic Dengue has the same symptoms with altered coagulation studies, less than 100.000 platelets/m3, increased hematocrits (20% of the normal value).
Rest, antipyretics, analgesics, liquid. In the case of seriously-ill patients, adequate handling of the shock and of the hemorrhagic symptoms.
Measures to teach people how to prevent the disease are essential and there lies its successful control.
We have to avoid the presence of elements that may shelter the mosquito (stagnant water, vases, cans, and any other unnecessary things that contain water which is not flowing) and take care of the correct disposal of wastes.
In the areas where the mosquito appears we must use repelents, clothes covering the exposed parts of the body, etc. We have to think that the mosquito also bites during the day.
(Text adapted from the leaflet about dengue by the Argentine Society of Pediatrics, Committee of Infectology, July 1998).