They are, without doubts, one of the most complex parts of the body and have a hard task, supporting and moving all the body weight.
The early detection and treatment of birth malformations such as club foot, talipes varus, talipes calcaneus and flatfoot, which can affect both feet or only one of them is quite better.
The cure generally has no sequelae and it often consists in simple manual maneuvers.
TALIPES EQUINOVARUS (CLUB FOOT)
The foot is deviated towards the inside with the sole and toes flexed. It has a bigger incidence on males.
The cause is unknown though genetic factors and the intrauterine position may contribute.
When the problem is positional we can correct it within the 3rd or 4th first months, giving regular massages in the sole for 10 minutes every day.
If it is a structural problem it needs orthopaedic treatment, whether plaster or surgery.
The forefoot is bent towards the inside whereas the back part of the foot is normal. It is generally a positional problem that disappears spontaneously in a few weeks. Sometimes massage and bandages are necessary.
The forefoot is flexed upwards, the instep may touch the leg. Generally it is corrected spontaneously or with massage to stretch the extensor tendons, but if it is structural, orthopaedic treatment with splints will be needed.
TALIPES PLANUS (FLATFOOT)
This is the foot without the arch, that rests completely on the floor. The baby’s feet seem to be of this kind because there is a fat-pad under the plantar arch.
The treatment against splayfoot consists in lifting it when the foot starts to acquire a deficient structure.