It is an acute viral infection characterised by the swelling of the salivary glands and which can involve other organs.
The incidence increases at the beginning of the spring season though there may be cases in any period of the year. It generally occurs to schoolchildren. Those children under 1 year old are protected by the protective mother antibodies transmitted through the placenta during pregnancy.
The transmission period goes from 1 to 2 days before the appearance of the parotid swelling to a period between 5 and 9 days after such appearance.
Signs and Symptoms
Not very high fever, swelling of the parotid gland that can be unilateral or bilateral and in the latter case, not necessarily in a simultaneous way, pain in that area. The swelling reaches the highest point between the 2nd and 3rd day and disappears approximately a week later.
There can be digestive symptoms such as vomits and abdominal pain (pancreatitis), encephalitis and pain in the testicular region (males) or ovarian region (females). This pain can be important but it does not lead to sterility or impotence being these symptoms more frequent in the case of adults.
Isolation measures: 9 days from the beginning of the symptoms.
Prevention: Viral Triple Vaccine (MMR).
HAVE YOUR CHILDREN VACCINATED TO AVOID DISEASES.