Infections produced by fungus can be located in different areas, affecting skin, as well as hair and nails.
In the skin infection, injuries can appear in the face, thorax and extremities.
They are commonly rounded in shape, with a higher border, they are pink and lighter in the centre.
They can appear alone or can be multiple.
Generally, the source of contagion are pets (dogs, cats) or it can also be the direct contact with people infected.
They can dissapear suddenly.
Treatment consists in the local use of antifungal medicine for about 2 weeks and up to a month.
Its appearance in the scalp is shown by areas without hair or by broken or flake hair (white flakes) or worn-eaten hair.
These different manifestations depend on the type of fungi.
In other cases there can be inflammation with injuries similar to pustules (but their content is not pus). This phenomenon is called Kerion Celsi and it requires oral antifungal treatment during some months. Some specialists recommend the associated use of corticoids in order to attack the inflammation in that case.
The way of contagion is by means of elements or objects contaminated by the fungus (combs, hats, etc.) and by pets.
When these injuries appear, not only the clinical, but also the laboratory diagnosis must be done (a direct examination to see the fungus elements fast, and fungus culture to determine the type of fungus).
These studies are necessary to establish the correct treatment.
Duration of treatment
In the case of scalp fungus the treatment has to be oral during 4 to 6 weeks at least, and it should be suspended earlier in case the fungus cultures are negative.
The Kerion Celsi requires a treatment during 3 to 6 months.
The chosen drug is Griseofulvin.
We recommend this medicine be taken during meals (preferably with a good fat percentage for better absorption).
The patient must be controlled periodically by his/her family doctor or by a dermatologist.
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